4 Types of Instruments You Can Choose From

Humans have devised specialised instruments to create the sounds that makeup music. Indeed, everything that can make music is technically a musical instrument available in a music shop.

Around 67,000 b.c.e., people used crude percussion devices to express themselves musically. Some researchers claim that the flute is the first example of what we now call a musical instrument.

The study of how to categorise instruments is a field unto itself. In the past, musical instruments have been categorised in various ways. Many have attempted categorising musical instruments according to their tonal range, size, function, and material makeup.

However, sound production mechanisms are generally the best technique to categorise musical instruments. Organology is the scientific study of musical instruments.


The flute, utilised for making high notes, has a long history in music. Initially, it was crafted from bamboo, stone, or clay, as well as wood and hollow reeds. Nowadays, however, flutes are crafted from precious metals like silver, gold, and platinum.

A lateral grip on the flute allows for simultaneous blowing across the mouthpiece holes. Your fingers play a significant role in this process by opening and closing the keys, which changes the pitch.

Using various breath control strategies, a flautist may manipulate the flute’s tone. Breathing from the diaphragm and breathing in a circular motion are two examples.

Diaphragmatic breathing allows the musician to maximise air intake while decreasing the frequency of breaths. Musicians practise circular breathing by taking deep nose breaths and exhaling through their mouths. Because of this, they can create a single, continuous sound.


A metal key covers the perforations in this black cylinder instrument two feet in length. The double reed within an oboe’s mouthpiece vibrates in response to air pressure. Simply holding it upright and blowing it into the mouthpiece, you may generate a wide range of pitches, from hauntingly beautiful melodies to silky smooth notes, making the whole experience unique.


The piano’s classification as a percussion or string instrument is hotly debated. It belongs to the percussion family since it is played by striking its 88 black and white keys. To play the piano, however, one must push the keys, which raises a hammer within the instrument, and then strikes the strings, indicating that the piano is a member of the string family.

It’s a highly-tuned instrument with the potential to simultaneously play a wide range of notes.

Although its classification will always be debated, the piano’s widespread popularity and ease of mastery make it impossible to ignore as a top-tier musical instrument.


The guitar is one of the most well-known string instruments in the world sold in a music shop. The guitar is one of the most straightforward instruments in this group to learn how to play. Plucking and string vibration is the primary means of playing it.

The parts of a guitar include the body, the soundboard, the headstock, and the strings. Guitars are typically constructed from plastic or wood; their strings can be either nylon or steel.

You may make a guitar sound by plucking or tapping the strings with your fingertips or fingernails. Both right- and left-handed performers use their dominant hands to play the instrument. The guitar is held with one hand while the other is used to vibrate the string.

Guitars may be roughly categorised by their construction method and the genre of music they create. Typically, the quality and volume of the music produced by acoustic guitars may be significantly enhanced by the hollow body design.

While most guitars have six strings, it’s not uncommon to encounter instruments with four, seven, ten, or even twelve. As the number of guitar strings grows, so does the instrument’s ability to generate a rich, whole tone.

Clare Louise